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Univ.-Prof. Dr. Markus Heinrichs

Chair, Biological Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy (Link)
Head, Outpatient Psychotherapy Clinic and Research Unit for Stress-Related Disorders (Link)
Head, Research Group "Social Neuroscience", Freiburg Brain Imaging Center (FBI), University Medical Center Freiburg (Link)
Senator Albert-Ludwigs University of Freiburg (Link)


Address: Department of Psychology
Laboratory for Biological Psychology,
Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg
Stefan-Meier-Strasse 8
D-79104 Freiburg i. Br.
Office: 3rd Floor, Room 03-006
(Reception desk: Room 03-007)
+49-(0)761-203-3029 (secretary)
+49-(0)761-203-97720 (clinic)
+49-(0)761-203-3024 (direct line)
Fax: +49-(0)761-203-3023
E-mail: heinrichs@psychologie.uni-freiburg.de
Office hours: Study courses: Wed., 1:00 – 2:30 p.m.
Clinic: By arrangement
(prior appointment by secretary)


Research and Work Focuses


  • Psychobiological foundations of social interaction
  • Stress- and anxiety-protective factors (e.g. oxytocin, social support, partnership, attachment)
  • Diagnostics, prevention, and therapy of stress and stress-related disorders
  • Etiology, pathogenesis, and experimental therapy research on mental disorders with social deficits (e.g. social phobia, personality disorders, autism)
  • Psychotraumatology and emergency psychology


Selected Publications

2014: "Highly Cited Researcher" Award as one of the most cited researchers worldwide (evaluation of the top 1% of the most-cited publications in the natural sciences, social sciences, and medicine of the last decade) and placed on the list of "The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds" (press information University of Freiburg and press information German Psychological Society)

  • Eisenegger, C., Kumsta, R., Naef, M., Gromoll, J., and Heinrichs, M. (2017)
    Testosterone and androgen receptor gene polymorphism are associated with confidence and
    competitiveness in men

    Hormones and Behavior, 92, 93-102
    Article pdf
  • Spengler, F. B., Schultz, J., Scheele, D., Essel, M., Maier, W., Heinrichs, M., and Hurlemann, R. (2017)
    Kinetics and dose-dependency of intranasal oxytocin effects on amygdala reactivity
    Biological Psychiatry, 82, 885-894
    Article pdf
  • Millan, M. J., Andrieux, A., Bartzokis, G., Cadenhead, K., Dazzan, P., Fusar-Poli, P., Gallinat, J., Giedd, J., Grayson, D. R., Heinrichs, M., Kahn, R., Krebs, M. O., Leboyer, M., Lewis, D., Marin, O., Marin, P., Meyer-Lindenberg, A., McGorry, P., McGuire, P., Owen, M. J., Patterson, P., Sawa, A., Spedding, M., Uhlhaas, P., Vaccarino, F., Wahlestedt, C., and Weinberger, D. (2016)
    Altering the course of schizophrenia: progress and perspectives
    Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, 15, 485-515
    Article pdf
  • Chen F. S., Kumsta R., Dvorak F., Domes G., Yim O.-S., Ebstein R. P., and Heinrichs M. (2015)
    Genetic modulation of oxytocin sensitivity: a pharmacogenetic approach

    Translational Psychiatry, 5
    , e664 (1-7)
    Article pdf
  • Heinrichs M., Stächele T. und Domes G. (2015)
    Stress und Stressbewältigung
    Göttingen: Hogrefe
    Book pdf
  • Ditzen B., and Heinrichs M. (2014)
    Psychobiology of social support: the social dimension of stress buffering
    Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 32, 149-162
    Article pdf
  • Kanat M., Heinrichs M., and Domes G. (2014)
    Oxytocin and the social brain: neural mechanisms and perspectives in human research
    Brain Research, 1580, 160-171
    Article pdf
  • Kumsta R., and Heinrichs M. (2013)
    Oxytocin, stress and social behavior: neurogenetics of the human oxytocin system
    Current Opinion in Neurobiology
    , 23, 11-16
    Article pdf
  • Chen F. S., Minson J. A., Schöne M., and Heinrichs M. (2013)
    In the eye of the beholder: eye contact increases resistance to persuasion
    Psychological Science, 24, 2254-2261
    Article pdf
  • von Dawans B., Fischbacher U., Kirschbaum C., Fehr E., and Heinrichs M. (2012)
    The social dimension of stress reactivity: acute stress increases prosocial behavior in humans
    Psychological Science, 23, 651-660
    Article pdf
  • Eisenegger C., Naef M., Snozzi R., Heinrichs M., and Fehr E. (2012)
    New evidence on testosterone and cooperation
    Nature, 485, 5-6

    Article pdf
  • Meyer-Lindenberg A., Domes G., Kirsch P., and Heinrichs M. (2011)
    Oxytocin and vasopressin in the human brain: social neuropeptides for translational medicine
    Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 12, 524-538
    Article pdf
  • Chen F. S., Kumsta R., von Dawans B., Monakhov M., Ebstein R. P., and Heinrichs M. (2011)
    Common oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphism and social support interact to reduce stress in humans
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 108, 19937-19942
    Article pdf
  • von Dawans B., Kirschbaum C., and Heinrichs M. (2011)
    The Trier Social Stress Test for Groups (TSST-G): A new research tool for controlled simultaneous social stress exposure in a group format
    Psychoneuroendocrinology, 36, 514-522
    Article pdf
  • Eisenegger C., Naef M., Snozzi R., Heinrichs M., and Fehr E. (2010)
    Prejudice and truth about the effect of testosterone on human bargaining behaviour
    Nature, 463, 356-359
    Article pdf
  • Heinrichs M., von Dawans B., and Domes G. (2009)
    Oxytocin, vasopressin, and human social behavior
    Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 30, 548-557
    Article pdf
  • Ditzen B., Schaer M., Gabriel B., Bodenmann G., Ehlert U., and Heinrichs M. (2009)
    Intranasal oxytocin increases positive communication and reduces cortisol levels during couple conflict
    Biological Psychiatry, 65, 728-731
    Article pdf
  • Rimmele U., Hediger K., Heinrichs M., and Klaver P. (2009)
    Oxytocin makes a face in memory familiar
    Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 38-42
    Article pdf
  • Heinrichs M., and Domes G. (2008)
    Neuropeptides and social behavior: effects of oxytocin and vasopressin in humans
    Progress in Brain Research, 170, 337-350
    Article pdf
  • Baumgartner T., Heinrichs M., Vonlanthen A., Fischbacher U., and Fehr E. (2008)
    Oxytocin shapes the neural circuitry of trust and trust adaptation in humans
    Neuron, 58, 639-650
    Article pdf
  • Domes G., Heinrichs M., Michel A., Berger C., and Herpertz S.C. (2007)
    Oxytocin improves "mind-reading" in humans 
    Biological Psychiatry, 61, 731-733
    Article pdf
  • Ditzen B., Neumann I.D., Bodenmann G., von Dawans B., Turner R.A., Ehlert U., and Heinrichs M. (2007)
    Effects of different kinds of couple interaction on cortisol and heart rate responses to stress in women
    Psychoneuroendocrinology, 32, 565-574
    Article pdf
  • Soravia L.M., Heinrichs M., Aerni A., Maroni C., Schelling G., Ehlert U., Roozendaal B., and De Quervain D.J.-F. (2006)
    Glucocorticoids reduce phobic fear in humans
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 103, 5585-5590
    Article pdf
  • Heinrichs M., Wagner D., Schoch W., Soravia L.M., Hellhammer D.H., and Ehlert U. (2005)
    Predicting posttraumatic stress symptoms from pretraumatic risk factors: A 2-year prospective follow-up study in firefighters
    American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 2276-2286
    Article pdf
  • Kosfeld M.*, Heinrichs M.*, Zak P., Fischbacher U., and Fehr E. (2005)
    (* shared first authorship)
    Oxytocin increases trust in humans
    Nature, 435, 673-676
    Article pdf
  • Heinrichs M., Meinlschmidt G., Wippich W., Ehlert U., and Hellhammer D.H. (2004)
    Selective amnesic effects of oxytocin on implicit and explicit memory
    Physiology & Behavior, 83, 31-38
    Article pdf
  • Heinrichs M., Baumgartner T., Kirschbaum C., and Ehlert U. (2003)
    Social support and oxytocin interact to suppress cortisol and subjective responses to psychosocial stress
    Biological Psychiatry, 54, 1389-1398
    Article pdf






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